An overview of the world war one events

They were used to fire shells at the enemy. Famed scientist Marie Curie helped to equip vans with x-ray machines that enabled French doctors to see bullets in wounded men. Major Battles A lot of the war was fought using trench warfare along the western front.

Feb 25, Zimmerman Telegram British intelligence gives Wilson the so-called Zimmermann Telegrama message from German foreign secretary Arthur Zimmermann proposing that Mexico side with Germany in case of war between Germany and the United States.

An overview of the world war one events

The sandbags protected the heads of the men standing on the fire step from rifle fire. It was fired into the trenches in shells. The map above, which can be clicked to enlarge, shows the geographical location of the Eastern front stretching from Riga in the north to Czernowitz in the south. This was so that if the enemy managed to get into the front line trench they would not have a straight firing line along the trench. The tried-and-true small arms and artillery were prominent features of the battlefield, as they had been for the last three centuries. The Geneva Convention agreements, signed in , restricted the use of chemical and biological agents in warfare and remains in effect today. In , the allied commanders decided to try to attack Germany by attacking her ally, Turkey. The British lost nearly sixty thousand casualties on the first day of the Battle of the Somme trying to make this happen, with an opening artillery barrage so earth-shattering it was heard across the English Channel. Mihiel The Battle of St. On April 1, , the British created the Royal Air Force, or RAF, the first air force to be a separate military branch independent from the navy or army. The fighting ended on November 11, when a general armistice was agreed to by both sides. It was the land that both sides were fighting to gain control of. However, the Germans are unable to take advantage of the breach.

Life at the front line was not pleasant; soldiers were liable to be hit by enemy fire or sometimes by their own artillery.

The map above, which can be clicked to enlarge, shows the front line. This caused France to declare war on Germany to protect its ally Russia.

World war 1 causes

Germany sunk four more U. The British lost nearly sixty thousand casualties on the first day of the Battle of the Somme trying to make this happen, with an opening artillery barrage so earth-shattering it was heard across the English Channel. The Battle of Mons was the sort of thing the British specialize in—heroic withdrawals, which if they do not win wars at least exemplify the bulldog spirit. Armistice Day. The Battle of the Somme was an Anglo-French offensive to break the German line in northwestern France through a mighty assault; the hope was to force a gap that would allow cavalry and tanks, which made their first appearance here to plunge through, starting a war of movement that would end the deadlock of the trenches. German and French troops suffered close to a million casualties in the Battle of Verdun alone. This was so that if the enemy managed to get into the front line trench they would not have a straight firing line along the trench. Furthermore, the treaty imposed steep war reparations payments on Germany, meant to force the country to bear the financial burden of the war. Mihiel The Battle of St. Though soldiers died by the millions in brutal conditions, neither side had any substantive success or gained any advantage. It was fired into the trenches in shells.

Large field guns had a long range and could deliver devastating blows to the enemy but needed up to 12 men to work them. Yellow represents the German army, blue the French, red the British and orange the Belgian army. Russia then ordered partial mobilization against Austria-Hungary, and on July 30, when Austria-Hungary was riposting conventionally with an order of mobilization on its Russian frontier, Russia ordered general mobilization.

The first machine guns were successfully mounted on planes in June of in the United States, but were imperfect; if timed incorrectly, a bullet could easily fell the propeller of the plane it came from.

world war 2

The armies hardly moved at all. The outbreak of war in August was generally greeted with confidence and jubilation by the peoples of Europe, among whom it inspired a wave of patriotic feeling and celebration.

World war 1 timeline

If you followed the war through American newspapers, you were getting a quick refresher course in the geography of Europe and Asia as generals struggled to find a way to break the deadlock on the Western Front. The stolid, determined Hindenburg, the embodiment of the tough, dutiful virtues of the Prussian aristocracy, became a hero, as did the emotionally tempestuous and not quite as well-born Ludendorff. They were also used as command centres and had a telephone link to report information and receive instructions. On April 1, , the British created the Royal Air Force, or RAF, the first air force to be a separate military branch independent from the navy or army. The Battle of the Somme was an Anglo-French offensive to break the German line in northwestern France through a mighty assault; the hope was to force a gap that would allow cavalry and tanks, which made their first appearance here to plunge through, starting a war of movement that would end the deadlock of the trenches. Between and there were twelve battles fought along the river Isonzo. Trench systems were complicated with many interlinking lines of trenches. Then, in November, the Bolshevik Revolution prompted Russia to pull out of the war. Mexico declines the offer, but the outrage at this interference in the Western Hemisphere pushes American public opinion to support entering the war. Romania had renewed its secret anti-Russian alliance of with the Central Powers on February 26, , but now chose to remain neutral. The Italians only managed to advance a short way into Austria shown by the red line on the map [Click to enlarge].

After being defeated at the battle of Caporetto the Italians were pushed back.

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