South Africa Co. In punctuated equilibrium, change comes in spurts. The governor would cease being the head of government i. Let's assume that stripes are helpful because they help the tiger to camouflage, blend in with the tall grasses where it lives, so that it can sneak up on its prey what it eats and not be noticed.
This trait eventually becomes one of the distinguishing features of tigers, as the coloring on all future tigers changes to adopt the orange and black stripe coloring. A species of flowers adapts over time to attract more bees, a morphological change that allows the flowers to spread their pollen further and increase the size of the population.
There is a period of very little change, and then one or a few huge changes occur, often through mutations in the genes of a few individuals.
England, originally a full monarchy, gradually became a democracy with the introduction of the House of Lords, a Parliament, and a Prime Minister.
As a great deal of time progresses, more and more birds in the population are born with this advantageous feature, eventually resulting in the entire population of birds with longer beaks. When the Industrial Revolution occurred, it allowed for the gradual creation of a middle class.
A group of finches begins to exhibit different features from those in the rest of the population, including shorter beaks and black stripes on their wings. Gradually, as women pushed for equal rights to men, their pay grades and job opportunities began to reach parity with those of men.
Colonial governments did employ some as clerks, but imagine the resentments: the educated feel more competent and trained yet are subordinate to illiterate, backward chiefs. Poor individuals were now able to work and move up in society whereas before, there was no social mobility.
Chiefs and traditional authorities were accustomed to doing this on personal bases relatives, associates, etc.