Writing a research article abstract
How do your findings affect the field of study?
Abstract An abstract is a concise summary of an experiment or research project. If the full-text is not available, go to the USC Libraries main page and enter the title of the article [NOT the title of the journal].
A good strategy to begin composing your abstract is to take whole sentences or key phrases from each section of the paper and put them in a sequence that summarizes the contents.
Read on for more tips on making a good first impression with a successful abstract. University College Writing Centre.
How to write an abstract
Abstracts "typically range from words" APA, , p. Such statements can lead very naturally into a statement of how your research uniquely addresses the issue. A descriptive abstract is very short, typically less than words. How close were the results to what you expected? Some journals include additional sections, such as Objectives between Background and Methods and Limitations at the end of the abstract. State-specific numbers. However, knowing what to avoid when writing the abstract can make the job a little easier. This summary is intended to share the topic, argument, and conclusions of a research study or course paper, similar to the text on the back cover of a book. After working on it for so long, it can sometimes be difficult to objectively evaluate whether your abstract is clear, especially because you are likely to be very familiar with the conventions within your discipline. Only a reader with a very specific interest in the subject of the paper, and a need to understand it thoroughly, will read the entire paper. You might be tempted to start with the abstract since it comes between the title page and the paper, but it's much easier to summarize a paper or report after it has been completed. People will only consider reading the rest of the manuscript if they find your abstract interesting. We conclude with a research agenda that advocates: a the exploration of potential psychometric refinements of the MBTI, b more rigorous research designs, and c a broadening of the scope of managerial research into type. Write the abstract after you have finished writing your whole paper.
University of Kentucky; Staiger, David L. The abstract provides a statement of what the paper will ask or explore rather than what it found: X This report examines the causes of oversleeping. This is unfortunate because the reader is interested in the paper because of its findings, and not because of its background.
McKee is a Scientist Emeritus retired with the U.
Sample abstract for paper presentation
Include those words in your abstract. Helmenstine holds a Ph. Briefly describe your methodology The methods section of your abstract is your chance to summarize the basic design of your study. Rules set forth in writing manual vary but, in general, you should center the word "Abstract" at the top of the page with double spacing between the heading and the abstract. Note: The following are specifications for an abstract in APA style, used in the social sciences, such as psychology or anthropology. The manuscript can then be used as a guide to write the abstract, which serves as a concise summary of your research. Informational Abstracts An informational abstract is a type of abstract used to communicate an experiment or lab report. The Writing Center.
Its purpose is to tell the reader what to expect from the full paper. All good abstracts recapitulate the paper and contain the four key parts listed above.
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